One of the largest cities in South Africa is Johannesburg, the country’s main center of industry, finance, and commerce and the capital of Gauteng province. The Greater Johannesburg area is one of the largest urban complexes on the African continent.
Johannesburg is also known by its Zulu name, eGoli, meaning “city of gold,” because it was founded after gold was discovered on the site in 1886. The city once provided more than 40 percent of the world's annual gold production.
Johannesburg lies in the most heavily populated and urbanized part of South Africa. It is a cosmopolitan city, made up of many different groups of people. Several languages are widely spoken there, including all of South Africa’s 11 official languages—Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu.
The Cradle of Humankind is a paleoanthropological site and is located about 50 km northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa, in the Gauteng province. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999, the site is home to the largest concentration of human ancestral remains anywhere in the world.
The JSE was founded in 1887 following the rush for gold in South Africa, and the formation of mining and financial companies with investors who needed a central facility to access primary capital. Initially trading took place in a miner' tent. The first legislation covering financial markets in South Africa was established in 1947. The JSE joined the World Federation of Exchanges in 1963. JSE Limited has been listed on its own main board since 2006.
JSE Limited - One Exchange Square - Gwen Lane - Sandown 2196